- Shema Yisra'el YHWH Eloheinu YHWH Echad
Shema Yisrael Adonai Eloheinu Adonai Echad - Hear, O Israel:
the Lord is our God, the Lord is One
The literal word meanings are roughly as follows:
Shema — listen, or hear & do (according to the Targum,
Yisrael — Israel, in the sense of the people or congregation
Adonai — often translated as "Lord", it is read
in place of YHWH
Eloheinu — our God, the word "El" or "Eloh"
signifying God (see also: Elohim), and the plural possessive
determiner suffix "-nu" or "-enu" signifying
Echad — the Hebrew word for the number 1, which has the
dual meaning "one" and "alone", its
root is also "united" and "unique",
and "brotherhood" (Achdut).